INCLUDE - International Network studying Caste in Labour markets, Underachievement and DEvelopment


Recent years have seen an increased interest in the economic and non-economic impacts of affirmative action policies across the social sciences, with a majority of the work focusing on developed economies.  Unresolved issues relating to the effective design of such policy are how to minimize stigma effects and stereotyping effects, at what ages interventions should take place, whether these policies carry disincentives for skill investment and if there are any effects on the majority. Affirmative action policies have been adopted in a larger scale in India than elsewhere, with a nation-wide programme of reservation(quotas)of new jobs, political seats and slots in higher educational institutions for the historically discriminated lowest-caste groups in Indian society.  Yet, surprisingly little evidence exists on the causal effects of reservation, in particular, whether such policies better the outcomes of the intended groups more than they would have in the absence of such programmes. The aim of the research projects of this group is to bring reliable empirical evidence on the economic and behavioral implications of anti-discrimination policies in employment and education, across both children and adults, to better understand the linkages of policies, caste and education and labor market outcomes across the life-cycle, and to find ways to erase persistent inter-group inequalities. The findings are also expected to shed light on current Danish and European research on increasing social segmentation, polarization and outgroup discrimination due to migration.