Labour and Public Policy Seminar: Anne Ardila Brenøe, University of Copenhagen

Title: Sibling Gender Composition and Preferences for STEM Education

2017.08.15 | Bodil Krog

Date Fri 06 Oct
Time 12:15 13:00
Location Fuglesangs Allé 4, 8210 Aarhus V, building 2621(B), room 04

Speaker: Anne Ardila Brenøe, University of Copenhagen

Title: Sibling Gender Composition and Preferences for STEM Education

Abstract: This paper studies how sibling gender composition affects preferences for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education. To identify the causal effect of sibling gender, I focus on a sample of first-born children who all have a younger biological sibling. The randomness of the second-born siblings' gender allows me to estimate the causal effect of having an opposite sex relative to a same sex sibling. Overall, having an opposite sex sibling makes educational choices more gender-stereotypical for both genders, though with the largest relative effects for women. Having a brother reduces women's probability of enrolling in any field-specific STEM education after compulsory schooling by six percent and of completing a STEM college major by eleven percent. Men with a sister, in contrast, are more likely to ever enroll in a STEM program and to work in a STEM occupation, but they are not significantly more likely to complete a STEM degree. An important mechanism for these findings is changes in child-parent interactions. I provide evidence that parents with mixed sex children gender-specialize their parenting more and invest more time in their first-born same sex child than parents with same sex children.

Organizer: Niels Skipper

Labour and Public Policy Seminars